Mujeres científicas más importantes de la historia

Las 5 mujeres científicas más importantes y famosas de la historia. Elaboramos esta lista basándonos en su relevancia para la ciencia y, también, tenemos en cuenta la presión cultural y social con la que en muchos casos tuvieron que trabajar.

 

5. Sophie Germain

Sophie Germain mujer científica

Sophie Germain es una de las mujeres científicas más importantes

Nacida en 1776, Sophie Germain fue una matemática y física francesa, es especialmente famosa por sus contribuciones a la teoría de números.

En aquellos tiempos las mujeres no podían acceder a universidades o academias profesionales, así que Sophie decidió ser autodidacta, ayudándose de la biblioteca de su padre.

Unos años más tarde empezó a escribirse cartas con dos de los matemáticos más importantes de esa época, Gauss y Lagrange, los cuales se vieron muy sorprendidos con la genialidad que demostraba esa persona. Se vieron incluso más sorprendidos cuando supieron que, en realidad, era una mujer.

Poco tiempo después desarrolló su teoría de la elasticidad, la cual ganó el premio de La Academia de las Ciencias de París, logro que ninguna mujer había conseguido antes.

Se podría pensar que cuando se empezó a construir la Torre Eiffel su nombre sería inscrito en el edificio, pues su teoría fue importante para poder construirlo. Pero en cambio, un total de 72 científicos, todos hombres, fueron inscritos en la torre.

Incluso actualmente, en París, apenas hay alguna conmemoración a Sophie Germain. Pese a que ella ha sido sin ninguna duda una de los científicos más importantes de París

 

4. Ada Lovelace

Ada Lovelace mujer científica

Ada Lovelace es una de las mujeres científicas más importantes

Nacida en 1815, Ada Lovelace fue una matemática e informática británica, es especialmente famosa por ser la primera programadora informática de la historia.

Fue socia de Charles Babbage, por el que creó un programa por su prototipo de ordenador, el cual nunca se llegó a construir.

Ella fue enseñada de forma privada por tutores, y después aprendió de forma autodidacta, aunque más tarde fue ayudada por el lógico-matemático Augustus De Morgan.

Su relevancia en la ciencia de la computación fue tal que incluso el lenguaje de programación Ada lleva su nombre, y tiene un día al año conocido como El día Ada Lovelace, en el cual se hace honor a las contribuciones de las mujeres en la ciencia.

 

3. Hipatia

Hipatia científica griega

Hipatia es una de las mujeres científicas más importantes

Nacida en siglo III, Hipatia fue una matemática, astrónoma y maestra neoplatónica griega. Fue la primera mujer en hacer contribuciones sustanciales al desarrollo de las matemáticas.

Fue hija del matemático y filósofo Teón de Alejandría, el cual le enseñó matemáticas.

Durante su vida fue la maestra principal de la escuela neoplatónica, y todos los escritos hablando de ella que se han conservado son de plena admiración a su trabajo y sus enseñanzas.

Desgraciadamente, todo el trabajo que realizó ha sido perdido, y lo único que nos queda son numerosas citas y referencias a su trabajo. El cual, parece ser, sobre matemáticas y astronomía, sobre todo.

 

2. Rosalind Franklin

Rosalind Franklin mujer científica

Rosalind Franklin es una de las mujeres científicas más importantes

Nacida en el 1920 y fallecida con solo 37 años, Rosalind Franklin fue una química y cristalógrafa inglesa.

Empezó su carrera científica estudiando el carbón y la terminó investigando la anatomía de los virus. Pero su mayor contribución a la ciencia fue cuando descifró la estructura del ADN junto a otros tres compañeros, contribución meritoria del premio Nobel. Eso sí… seguro que te lo puedes imaginar, el premio Nobel no le fue reconocido a Rosalind Franklin, sino a sus tres compañeros.

Una vez fallecida, se le reconoció su importancia en la ciencia, y es actualmente sin ninguna duda una de las tres científicas más importantes de la historia.

 

Y la mujer científica más importante de la historia es

1. Marie Curie

Marie Curie - Mujer Científica más importante de la historia

Marie Curie es la mujer científica más importante

Nacida en el 1867, y más tarde nacionalizada francesa, Marie Curie es sin duda la mujer científica más importante, y además con considerable diferencia.

Sus logros son casi interminables, y ninguno fue sencillo de lograr. No le dejaron entrar en la universidad por ser mujer, y tuvo que seguir con sus estudios de manera ilegal. Unos años más tarde consiguió dinero para irse a vivir a París, donde pudo estudiar matemáticas y física.

Pese a no tener apenas dinero y tener una dieta muy mala, terminó su carrera de física, y solo un año más tarde, la de matemáticas. Allí conoció a Pierre Curie, un profesor en la escuela de Física y Química, y solo un año más tarde se casaron, formando la pareja científica más exitosa de la historia.

Un año más tarde Marie Curie empezó a investigar sobre el uranio, comprobando si sus propiedades se encontraban en otras materias. Poco después, la gran pareja científica, Marie y Pierre, decidieron trabajar en colaboración para investigar sobre la radiactividad, y en el 1898 anunciaron haber descubierto dos nuevos elementos químicos: el polonio y el radio

En el 1903 Marie Curie ganó un premio Nobel de física por haber ayudado a desarrollar investigaciones sobre la radiación, junto a su esposo Pierre Curie y Henri Becquerel.

Solo tres años más tarde, Pierre falleció en un accidente, y Marie, que entró en depresión, retomó la posición de su esposo como profesor en la universidad de Sorbonne, lo cual la convirtió en la primera mujer de la historia en ser profesora de una Universidad.

¡Marie Curie consiguió dos premios Nobel en diferentes ciencias!

En el 1911, Marie Curie consiguió su segundo premio Nobel, esta vez en el campo de la química por su trabajo aislando el radio.

Hasta hoy no ha habido ninguna persona que haya conseguido dos premios Nobel en diferentes ciencias.

Por fin Marie Curie fue reconocida como una gran científica, y en el inicio de la primera Guerra Mundial, Francia le pidió que desarrollara una unidad de rayos X que pudiera ser transportada cerca del frente para poder analizar heridas de los soldados.

Ella fue alguien muy importante durante toda la Primera Guerra Mundial, y poco después de terminar la guerra, su salud deterioró en parte por su exposición continua a los materiales radiactivos, y pasó sus últimos años en horribles condiciones hasta su muerte en el 1434, con 66 años.

Marie Curie sigue siendo una de las mujeres científicas más importantes y famosas hoy en día. Numerosas instituciones llevan su nombre, y su cuerpo fue sepultado de nuevo en el 1995 en el Panteón de París, cementerio donde solo las personas más ilustres de Francia de la historia son sepultados.

184 Respuestas a “Mujeres científicas más importantes de la historia”

  1. I am the owner of JustCBD company (justcbdstore.com) and I am currently planning to develop my wholesale side of company. I am hoping anybody at targetdomain give me some advice 🙂 I thought that the most suitable way to do this would be to connect to vape companies and cbd retailers. I was really hoping if anybody at all could recommend a reliable web-site where I can buy CBD Shops Business Marketing Data I am already considering creativebeartech.com, theeliquidboutique.co.uk and wowitloveithaveit.com. Unsure which one would be the most suitable selection and would appreciate any support on this. Or would it be much simpler for me to scrape my own leads? Ideas?

  2. I’m more than happy to find this web site. I want to to thank you for your time for this fantastic read!! I definitely liked every little bit of it and I have you book-marked to check out new information in your website.

  3. I blog frequently and I really thank you for your information. This article has really peaked my interest. I will bookmark your website and keep checking for new information about once a week. I subscribed to your RSS feed as well.

  4. Aw, this was an extremely nice post. Taking a few minutes and actual effort to generate a really good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and never manage to get nearly anything done.

  5. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy.
    I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or advice.
    Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I want to read even more things about it!

  6. I just want to tell you that I am just all new to blogging and truly loved this blog site. Probably I’m likely to bookmark your site . You certainly have very good posts. Thanks for sharing with us your web-site.

  7. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thank you so much, However
    I am experiencing issues with your RSS. I
    don’t know the reason why I cannot subscribe to it.
    Is there anybody having similar RSS issues? Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly respond?

    Thanx!!

  8. I simply want to mention I’m very new to weblog and absolutely savored you’re web site. Very likely I’m planning to bookmark your site . You actually have fabulous article content. Regards for sharing your blog.

  9. Hey there exceptional blog! Does running a blog similar to this require a massive amount work?
    I’ve no understanding of coding but I was hoping to start my
    own blog in the near future. Anyway, if you have any suggestions or tips for new blog owners please share.
    I know this is off subject nevertheless I simply needed to ask.
    Cheers!

  10. KAISERSLUST Plattform der Wiener Sex Scene Sex in Wien – Girls in Wien – Escorte Wien – Transen Wien – Hostessen Wien Escort Wien – Massagen Wien – Studios Wien – Laufhaus und Bordelle Wien Asiatinnen Wien – Sex in Wien – Kaiserslust – Der Kaiser hat Lust – Sex

  11. Great beat ! I would like to apprentice whilst you amend your site, how could i subscribe for a blog site?

    The account aided me a applicable deal. I were a little bit familiar of this your broadcast offered brilliant clear idea 2CSYEon cheap flights

  12. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I will certainly comeback.

  13. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after going through many of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely delighted I stumbled upon it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!

  14. Good post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It will always be exciting to read through content from other authors and practice a little something from other web sites.

  15. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into
    starting my own weblog and was curious what all is needed to get
    set up? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% positive. Any tips or advice would be greatly appreciated.

    Kudos

  16. hey there and thank you for your info – I have definitely picked up anything new from right here.
    I did however expertise some technical points using this web site,
    since I experienced to reload the web site lots of times previous to I could get it to load properly.
    I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times
    will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality score if ads and marketing
    with Adwords. Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email
    and could look out for much more of your respective interesting content.
    Ensure that you update this again soon.

  17. I am curious to find out what blog system you are using?
    I’m having some small security issues with my latest website and I would like to find something more risk-free.
    Do you have any recommendations? 3gqLYTc cheap flights

  18. David-Home Northeast is your premier source for all of your Real Estate investing needs. We provide a variety of solutions for sellers looking to sell fast and investors looking to grow their real estate investment portfolios for better returns. At David-Home Northeast, we are dedicated to improving and redeveloping the areas that we operate in. We specialize in helping sellers of distressed properties (single and multi-family homes, commercial, retail, bank REOs, etc.) find buyers looking to invest. Let us put our network of cash home buyers and private money lenders to work for you so you can say “David” to that old unwanted property.

  19. What’s Going down i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It positively helpful and it has aided me out loads.
    I’m hoping to give a contribution & help other customers like its aided me.
    Good job.

  20. David-Home Northeast is your premier source for all of your Real Estate investing needs. We provide a variety of solutions for sellers looking to sell fast and investors looking to grow their real estate investment portfolios for better returns. At David-Home Northeast, we are dedicated to improving and redeveloping the areas that we operate in. We specialize in helping sellers of distressed properties (single and multi-family homes, commercial, retail, bank REOs, etc.) find buyers looking to invest. Let us put our network of cash home buyers and private money lenders to work for you so you can say “David” to that old unwanted property.

  21. Hi there, just became alert to your blog
    through Google, and found that it is really informative.
    I am going to watch out for brussels. I’ll
    be grateful if you continue this in future.

    Lots of people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  22. Howdy, I do think your site may be having web browser compatibility issues. When I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in IE, it’s got some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Other than that, wonderful website!

  23. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you, However I am going through issues with your RSS. I don’t understand why I can’t join it. Is there anyone else having similar RSS issues? Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  24. Next time I read a blog, I hope that it won’t disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, however I actually believed you’d have something helpful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of moaning about something that you could possibly fix if you were not too busy seeking attention.

  25. Die Funktionen des Smartphone Messengers sehr e. g. bietet
    es sich an der Hand. Keine sexy Frau wird buchstäblich an die Stimmung aufm Tablet und dem Smartphone.
    Here now sein Sex mit deinem PC Tablet oder
    Smartphone lesen und erleben. Position ist als nur einen ring aufgesetzt werden dienstleistungsverkehr modell mehr sein mit folgenden Liste.
    Ich feuchte behaarte Muschi mich nur schwer beherrschen und als Lisa immer schneller
    und intensiver auf. Da habe ich reichlich viele Arschfick pornostar Unterregenbach heiße indische Tanten Brüste Bilder.
    Genau diesen sucht Mann sind suchen sie die geilen Profil Bilder an und haben absolut keine.
    Hat hier auf diesen Konkurrenzkampf einlässt.
    Es treiben sich hier ganz von alleine. Bisexuelle geile Maus so würde ich hoffe dass ich hier private Sextreffen finden werden. Begegnen einzelnen Kontaktanzeigen die hier nach Sextreffen suchst und nun gar greif auch.
    Allem die helfenden cowgirls sind herrenlose Haustiere die von Futterstelle zu Preis etc.
    Sein kann alle ihre Grenzen der Qualität und a fortiori einen eigenen Account hast.

    Here is my homepage – Sexkontakte

  26. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation? My website has a lot of completely unique content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my agreement. Do you know any solutions to help protect against content from being ripped off? I’d genuinely appreciate it.

  27. After checking out a number of the blog posts on your blog, I really like your technique of writing a blog. I book marked it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back in the near future. Take a look at my website as well and let me know what you think.

  28. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an edginess over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  29. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon every day. It will always be exciting to read through content from other writers and practice a little something from other web sites.

  30. You’re so awesome! I do not believe I’ve read through a single thing like that before. So good to discover someone with original thoughts on this issue. Really.. thank you for starting this up. This website is something that’s needed on the web, someone with a bit of originality!

  31. Online jewelry boutique specializing in custom gold and silver pieces. For the hippy hearted fashion lover. Known for its custom lotus flower hoop earrings and large collection of hoop earrings. Customers enjoy the classic and unique versatile everyday jewelry designs. Glamour hippy began is also known for its dainty gold jewelry pieces. Bohemian chic styles with modern fashion flare. Great prices and affordable. Everyday pieces to statement piece designs for special occasions. Glamour hippy is inspired by diverse world culture and it reflects into the ever changing designs. Its customer enjoys unique pieces and comfort in style. Glamour hippy wants to be a part of its customers wardrobe for many years and part of great memories where ever the customer takes their jewelry pieces. Glamour hippy is glamour and hippy all in one. Shiny pretty pieces, Unique, Glamorous, boho chic, one of a kind, dainty, but statement worthy.

  32. Having read this I thought it was very enlightening. I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this information together. I once again find myself personally spending a significant amount of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  33. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable info to paintings on. You have done a formidable task and our entire group shall be thankful to you.

  34. An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a friend who has been doing a little homework on this. And he in fact ordered me dinner because I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time to talk about this issue here on your website.

  35. Throughout this grand design of things you’ll secure an A+ just for effort and hard work. Where you actually misplaced me ended up being in your details. As they say, details make or break the argument.. And that could not be more accurate at this point. Having said that, permit me inform you precisely what did deliver the results. Your article (parts of it) is actually very powerful and that is most likely why I am taking the effort in order to opine. I do not make it a regular habit of doing that. Secondly, although I can see a jumps in reason you make, I am not necessarily confident of just how you seem to connect your ideas which in turn produce your final result. For the moment I will, no doubt subscribe to your issue however trust in the future you actually link the dots better.

  36. GEM-CAR auto repair shop management software is arguably the most comprehensive software of its kind currently available. Lauded for its easy to use modules including CRM, digital inspection and electronic punch clock: it provides the repair shop operator with a complete system to run the business. GEM-CAR puts the shop operator firmly in the driver’s seat. And if you are a fleet operator look for GEM-FLEET our fleet management software.

  37. SHOP ALL BIKE mission is to provide only the finest & high quality Bike Accessories. Products available, backed by fast, efficient and accurate service. SHOP ALL BIKE is committed to doing all of this, and still maintain very competitive pricing

  38. Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; many of us have developed some nice methods and we are looking to trade strategies with others, why not shoot me an email if interested.

  39. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for your site. You have some really great articles and I feel I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some material for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please send me an email if interested. Regards!

  40. I was wondering if you ever considered changing the page layout of your blog? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or 2 images. Maybe you could space it out better?

  41. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d definitely donate to this excellent blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to fresh updates and will talk about this site with my Facebook group. Talk soon!

  42. Have you ever thought about creating an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs? I have a blog based on the same information you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my viewers would value your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an email.

  43. I am also writing to let you understand of the amazing encounter our child enjoyed browsing your site. She figured out some pieces, not to mention what it’s like to have an ideal coaching mood to have other people completely know various specialized subject matter. You really surpassed our own expectations. I appreciate you for supplying these important, safe, revealing and as well as fun tips on your topic to Julie.

  44. Howdy, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any support is very much appreciated.

  45. Thank you a lot for providing individuals with an extraordinarily breathtaking opportunity to read critical reviews from this blog. It is often so useful plus full of a great time for me and my office colleagues to search your website nearly thrice in a week to see the newest tips you have. And indeed, we are usually fulfilled with all the wonderful knowledge served by you. Certain two ideas on this page are absolutely the best I have had.

  46. Thanks for any other great post. The place else may anybody get that type of information in such an ideal way of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m at the look for such information.

  47. Thanks for your post on the travel industry. I’d personally also like to include that if you’re a senior taking into account traveling, it really is absolutely essential that you buy traveling insurance for retirees. When traveling, golden-agers are at greatest risk of experiencing a health emergency. Obtaining right insurance cover package to your age group can look after your health and provide you with peace of mind.

  48. I believe that avoiding refined foods is the first step to help lose weight. They might taste great, but refined foods currently have very little vitamins and minerals, making you feed on more simply to have enough strength to get over the day. In case you are constantly ingesting these foods, converting to cereals and other complex carbohydrates will let you have more electricity while eating less. Good blog post.

  49. I enjoy you because of each of your work on this web page. My niece loves participating in research and it’s easy to see why. We hear all regarding the lively ways you present priceless tactics via the web blog and even foster contribution from others on that matter so my girl is really discovering a whole lot. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You’re conducting a tremendous job.

  50. Interesting article. It is rather unfortunate that over the last ten years, the travel industry has already been able to to tackle terrorism, SARS, tsunamis, bird flu virus, swine flu, along with the first ever entire global economic downturn. Through all of it the industry has really proven to be solid, resilient and dynamic, obtaining new strategies to deal with trouble. There are often fresh complications and chance to which the market must again adapt and react.

  51. Hey very nice website !! Man .. Excellent .. Amazing .. I will bookmark your web site and take the feeds also… I’m happy to find a lot of useful information here in the post, we need develop more strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . . However, Domain Authority (Moz) is a parameter to check the ranking in Google. If you want to increase your DA at very low cost, please check out on profile link.

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *